India as the New World Guru and the new superpower?

India as the New World Guru and the new superpower?

After the China and Russia hype, the India hype is now following- headline in the German magazine SPIEGEL (Mirror):

 „The new superpower

India now has a population of 1,425,775,850 – more than China This Friday, India overtakes China as the world’s most populous nation with more than 1.4 billion people. Soon it will be the third largest economy in the world. Is the Indian decade dawning?”

Apparently the Indians have a very accurate population statistic office when the exact date (Friday) can also be given for the first Indian to trump China’s population. But is population the guarantee of an “Indian decade”? Economically, things are not looking so great with India either. So far, Modi does not want to join a free trade agreement with the EU or China’s RCEP, and India’s economy is still significantly smaller than China’s. Of course, that can change in the course of derisking and diversification, but on the one hand it depends on the investment climate and economic reforms, on the other hand there is still the question of whether China will now replace China as the next world’s workbench. Although India is often referred to as the largest democracy in the world, who can guarantee that Modi will not become an autocrat, especially since his Hindu nationalist BJP emerged from the fascist RSS, just as Erbakan’s Welfare Party and Erdogan’s AKP once emerged from the Islamist Milli Görus. Especially since Modi is currently bringing court proceedings against opposition politician Ghandi from the Congress Party, restricting press freedom and having other opposition politicians imprisoned. It’s still harmless compared to neo-totalitarian China, but the trend is there nonetheless. That just doesn’t fit so nicely into Biden’s Alliance of Democracies and the previous image of India as the largest democracy in the world.

 In addition, India is a nuclear power, but is not a member of the UN Security Council, is pushing for UN reform, is active in the G-20, is chairing it this year, traditionally maintains good contacts with Russia, is with China Russia, Pakistan and Iran member of the SCO and the BRICS, but conversely also a member of the US-led anti-China Quad with Japan and Australia. It also comes from the tradition of the non-aligned movement once led by Nehru, Nasser, Sukarno and Tito. India is carrying out a policy of „strategic balancing“ (Indian ex-General Asthana), which wants to play its own role between the world powers USA and China – similar to Erdogan-Turkey, Lula-Brazil or now MBS-Saudi Arabia.

In any case, the Hindustan Times proudly emphasizes that India has now not only overtaken China in terms of population, but that India’s population is also on average 10 years younger, albeit aging and therefore more dynamic compared to China, a kind of turbo consumer and economic driver, although Africa with an average age of 18 years would have to become the global lion/elephant like the Chinese dragon/panda or the Indian tiger/elephant in this logic and the population explosion then is only understood as a guarantee of prosperity and the economy and not of poverty and refugee waves— although Africa is not a continental nation state like India or the USA or China, but a patchwork of states – AU and African free trade area or not, which cannot be compared with the EU and the EU Common market, which in turn is not a continental nation state, but is a hybrid between EU bureaucracy and nation states.

China retaliates on the discriminatory message regarding the alleged inferiority of its human material that there are now more and younger Indians than Chinese by noting that China has 900 million educated and skilled workforce and professionals, quality over quantity, class over mass, so not illiterate slum swamp smat, slum dog billionaires and untouchables and peasant rabble, who are performing their Long March for social justice to the metropolis of New Delhi:

After the „Indian decade“ (after all, one does not speak of the Indian century and seems a bit more skeptical and cautious when it comes to forecasts regarding India, since one is somewhat sobered by the China hype of the last decades) that Der Spiegel proclaimed, India was the focus of ZDF state television talk show Marcus Lanz yesterday . Germany’s flagship Indian Yogeshwar and a German in an orange sari (reminiscent of Rosenmüller’s Baghwan comedy Summer in Orange) were performing as India experts. While the esoteric India expert constantly and exuberantly pointed out the great spirituality and the allegedly non-materialistic mentality of the Indians and said that India behaved like Vishnu and raved about Indian god metaphors, Yogeshwar was a bit more down to earth, listing the most important ones Indian billionaires (Mittal, Tata, Armani), pointed out the horrible bureaucracy and Bakhish corruption in India, that spirituality also includes such negative phenomena as BJP-Modi’s Hindu nationalism and the RSS that Modi and Vajpayee’s BJP developed that India needs far-reaching reforms in order to be able to keep up with China or even overtake it. In any case, the RSS , a fascist-Hindu nationalist organization that glorifies Bose’s militant struggle with Japan and Nazi Germany against the British Empire, which is directed against Islam and Christianity, is just right for this spirituality along with its own nuclear weapons and great power fantasies like China.

The Hindustan Times quotes the head of the RSS, who allegedly advocates inter-religious tolerance and an end to the caste system, although the RSS is known to have initiated pogroms and torches against Christians and Muslims and their places of worship in the past, with Modi’s support, . However, he does not invoke the idea of one world family encompassing all religions and states, not the Sanatan Dharma, but the Hindu Sanatan Dharma, the world as one family with or under the spiritual „world guru“ and the “ Superpower” Hindu India. According to the RSS, what China is pushing forward with the Global Security Initiative, the Global Development Initiative and the Global Civilizational Initiative as an expression of the Xi Jinping ideas as soft power (and at the same time hard power) is the so-called Santana Culture, for which India stands.

“India going to be a World Guru and a superpower, says RSS chief Mohan Bhagwat

ByMonika Pandey

Apr 19, 2023

Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh chief Mohan Bhagwat said that traditions from every corner of the world consider themselves safe in India

Only India tells others that all are one and that is the reason why traditions from every corner of the world consider themselves safe in the country, Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) chief Mohan Bhagwat said on Tuesday. He also added that India is going to become a world guru and the whole world is saying that the country is the superpower to be.

“Sanatan culture connects everyone. Only India tells others that all are one. For this reason, traditions from every corner of the world consider themselves safe in India. Our Hindu Sanatan Dharma has got the feeling of universal welfare,” he said at a function organised to celebrate the birth anniversary of Adya Jagadguru Ramanandacharya in Madhya Pradesh’s Jabalpur.

“India is going to become a world guru…the whole world is saying that India is the superpower to be,” he added.

The RSS chief also urged people not to practise any discrimination. “No religion supports discrimination. God has also not accepted caste discrimination in any of his incarnations. This is also the order of our scriptures,” he said.

Bhagwat spoke on ending caste discrimination without any vandalism “We have to correct people peacefully. Those who have gone out have to be brought back. Those who are at home, have anger, frustration, we have to bring them along considering them as our own,” he said.

Then another ZDF documentary „Iran and the Bomb“, whereby it was interesting that an Indian nuclear scientist who worked in West European nuclear power plants in the 1960s and 1970s brought the knowledge of nuclear weapons to India and also to Iran under the Shah and during the construction of Natanz and Busher(Siemens-KWU) played a leading role. He played a role comparable to that of the Pakistani Khan, the father of the Pakistani. atomic bomb who also supplied North Korea, Libya and Mullah Iran with nuclear technology.

In any case, there are doubts that, despite a larger and younger population, India will find it so easy to become a full substitute or equal counter-power and ally of the West to China, if only economically and also in terms of loyalty as an ally. Some experts are still a bit skeptical, as this article in the Frankfurter Rundschau shows:

„Contest of Great Powers India wants to become a global superpower – it already has more people than rival China

By Christiane Kuehl

 India wants to become Asia’s superpower and more geopolitical influence. In these days it will overtake China as the most populous country. In the economy, however, catching up is becoming more difficult. New Delhi/Frankfurt

 – India has reached the top – maybe last week, maybe in a few days. For a long time, China was the most populous country in the world. But now India is overtaking the People’s Republic. Due to the data available, the United Nations cannot exactly determine the date when India will have surpassed China. However, according to estimates by the UN population fund UNFPA published on Wednesday, around three million more people will be living in India than in China by mid-2030. A good 1.4 billion people currently live in both giant states. Yet India’s population continues to grow while China’s begins to shrink India has long been overshadowed by China, not only in terms of population. Since the 1990s, a rapid boom has made the People’s Republic the „world’s factory“ for everything from T-shirts to high-tech products. The West, meanwhile, praised India as the „greatest democracy in the world“; However, the companies preferred to do business with communist-ruled China. India presented itself as too bureaucratic and reserved, which also looks back on a long tradition of non-alignment – including its proximity to the Soviet Union and later to Russia. But the shadowy existence should be over. Prime Minister Narendra Modi wants to lead India to superpower status. His long-term goal is to become one of several poles of a future multipolar world on an equal footing with the USA and China. India is staying out of the conflict between the two superpowers. Modi acts skillfully between the two and also positions India – like China – as the protecting power of the Global South.

India’s population continues to grow – China is shrinking

Now the world will have to get used to the fact that most people no longer live in China, but in India. According to the United Nations‘ „middle path“ – the most likely scenario lying between the extremes – India’s population will surpass 1.5 billion people by the end of this decade and will continue to increase slowly until 2064. Then it will have peaked at around 1.7 billion people. China, on the other hand, had to report in January that its population had shrunk in 2022 for the first time in decades. The now-abandoned one-child policy has meant China is beginning to age before it has grown rich. This trend will weaken China’s economy in the long term; already the formerly endless pool of young workers on which China’s firms have relied for decades is beginning to dry up. The average age in India is 28 years, in China it is 39 – and the trend is rising.

 India’s economy: difficult race to catch up

Economically, however, India still has to do some catching up China’s annual economic output in 2022 was almost 18 trillion US dollars, around six times that of India (3 trillion US dollars). And so far, the OECD is expecting continued strong growth for the People’s Republic – in a largely parallel path to India, which would bring the subcontinent significantly stronger growth than before, but will not bring India any closer to China by 2060. China and India had previously developed in parallel – until China triggered the well-known rapid development with a strong push for reforms in the early 1990s, explains Gerwin Bell, chief economist for Asia at the global asset manager PGIM Fixed Income, in an interview with the Frankfurter Rundschau by IPPEN. MEDIA.#

India and China: who will be Asia’s future superpower?

Despite all the optimism that India will play a greater role in the future, Bell sees major challenges that the country urgently needs to tackle: the budget deficit is too high, the savings rate too low, and there is still room for improvement in legal certainty. Similar to China, India also needs a reform push, for example in property rights or land use. „But all of this is happening at the pace of a glacier, three steps forward and two steps back.“ But if India opens up and solves its problems, it could quickly become more attractive to international investors. Not every company is permanently satisfied with China’s current role as the „factory of the world“, says Bell. “The answer to that is: You have to find a production site that is as big as China. And that could be India.” So who will be Asia’s most important superpower in a few decades, India or China? India wants to lead and no longer be satisfied with a balancing role, Modi said shortly after taking office in 2014. In August 2022, in his speech marking the 75th anniversary of independence from Great Britain, he promised India within the next quarter century – i.e. by 2047 to make a developed country. But China’s head of state Xi Jinping also has big plans. By 2049, the 100th anniversary of the People’s Republic of China, he wants his country „to be at the forefront of the world in terms of national strength and international influence“. India’s geopolitical tactics: tackling between all sides China also draws its power from its economic success and strong connections with the world; many states depend on products and raw materials from China. Modi, however, does not seem to want to wait until an economic boom automatically gives his country geopolitical influence. The aim of the prime minister and his Hindu nationalist government is „to create an independent superpower role for India, to accelerate the transition to a multipolar international system – and finally to cement the new status with a permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council,“ writes Derek Grossmann of the US think tank Rand Corporation.

India is a member of the Quad for the Indo-Pacific security alliance, along with the United States, Australia and Japan. At the same time, it is a member of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO, with China, Russia and several Central Asian countries) founded by China, as well as the BRICS group with China, Russia, Brazil and South Africa. But New Delhi is suspicious of Beijing and its ambitions to become a great power in Asia. Again and again there are border skirmishes on the long border of the two giant states across the Himalayas. A few months ago, soldiers from both countries used sticks to fight each other there. „Delhi is of course aware that its willingness to become a stronger partner of the US irritates Beijing,“ says C. Raja Mohan of the Asia Society Policy Institute in Delhi. „But New Delhi also knows that it is its closer ties with the United States that prompt Beijing to soften its tone towards India.“ These are the first power games by a country that wants to have a say.

 The new book by the Indian-born US-British Salman Rushdie “Victory City”, which is a metaphor for India, but also more generally the struggle between secular-liberal and religious-right winged forces worldwide, is now also suitable for the “Indian decade”. Khomeini also issued a fatwa against Rushdie and his „Satanic Verses“ and recently a fanatical Muslim tried to murder him and redeem the fatwa. In Victory City, Rushdie tries to describe a history of humanity using a fictitious Indian kingdom, also as a symbol for nostalgia for the empire as the identity of today’s right-wing and reactionary autocrats and dictators – from Trump,Putin to Xi, Duterte to Kim and Orban and maybe in the future an Indian autocrat.

A modern epic: Victory City by Salman Rushdie

Created: 04/19/2023,

Last year he narrowly escaped death when an attacker stabbed him multiple times during a lecture. Salman Rushdie’s latest novel is a reflection on the nature of humanity. LONDON/NEW YORK – Mass self-imposed death by fire: Indian-born British-American writer Salman Rushdie’s new novel, Victory City, begins with a scene that is almost unbearable. All the female members of a small kingdom in 14th-century southern India go to the fire after the death of their husbands in a losing battle. The only one left is nine-year-old Pampa Kampana, who decides not to follow her mother into the flames. The cruel practice of widow burning and the criticism of the image of women in a conservative Hindu society behind it flash up again and again in Rushdie’s novel, which will be available in German bookstores from Thursday (April 20). The power of imagination Rushdie’s heroine undergoes a transformation through the traumatic experience that makes her the medium of a goddess and the founder and chronicler of an entire civilization. With the help of her divine gifts, Pampa Kampana creates the city of Bisnaga (Victory City) and its people through the power of her imagination alone and accompanies the rise and fall of the metropolis through the centuries thanks to an extraordinary longevity of 247 years.

 „Victory City“ is the chronicle of a fictional empire that develops around this city. The 75-year-old Rushdie remains true to his style of magical realism as well as humor and a ruthless directness. He weaves a dense narrative of sex, power struggles and conspiracies inspired by the great epics of mankind. But pathos is completely foreign to him. His characters curse, hesitate and doubt. Intelligence and stupidity remain constant It’s a modern epic that addresses some of humanity’s great questions: who are we? Do we have a free will? why do we have to die He doesn’t have a concrete answer for everything. For Rushdie’s heroine Pampa Kampana, reaching a biblical age becomes a curse: she must gradually bury all the people she loves, including her own children, one by one. Among her insights from a life spanning several centuries is „that human intelligence and stupidity, indeed the best and worst of human nature, are the great constants in a changing world“. Rushdie was inspired by the history of the southern Indian Hindu empire of Vijayanagar with the capital of the same name, whose ruins now form the Unesco World Heritage Site of Hampi. He sticks closely to the historical model in many details. Yet his Bisnaga seems to be a metaphor for many empires and nations throughout human history, not least those of the present. With his tale of the wondrous creation of Bisnaga, Rushdie hints, not very covertly, that the narratives that today’s nations have entwined around their creation correspond at times more or less with historical reality. He exposes them as an exercise in forming a common identity.”

At Lanz & Precht, India is also the subject of a dialogue – see the following podcast.

“India is not only the largest democracy in the world, but recently also the most populous country in the world. Is India poised to become a new superpower? What does that mean for Germany and its foreign policy? But does this really make the world a safer place? Markus Lanz and Richard David Precht talk about that in this issue.”

With Lanz and Precht I have a stomach ache afterwards, especially since they have now become an  duo infernale, Siamese debate twins, extremely opinion-forming and dominant and they have also conquered the attention economy. But it would be good if someone would question or even criticize their theses. So this is going to be a continuous monologue, with a lot of work to do, especially since Lanz now hardly contradicts Precht´s theses as was the case at the beginning. In the meantime almost a self-referential discursive continuous incest. Not even Camillio and Pepone, but like ping-pong, you play the catchphrases to each other. The conversation is less about India and more about your new multipolar world order, which is not only being demanded by India, but above all by China and Russia, especially since the Ukraine war should also be used, although the question is whether the fight for such a new world order would end in a war or even world war. Discussions, which by the way already under Bush jr. and Obama and for a long time in the US think tanks and security circles, before they then also caught the political, economic and intellectual elites through Graham Allison’s Thucydides trap and now with time lag also spilled over the pond to Europe in the course of the Zeitenwende/turning point.

Precht’s theses should be examined:

  1. Military deterrence no longer works, neither in Taiwan nor in the Baltic States. All saber-rattling rhetoric is only intended to hide this. No one would fight a third world war, it’s all for show.

2) China is not the Soviet Union, but a turbo capitalist society and does not want to proselytize. The proselytizing and idea of a historic mission emanates from the West and is causally based on its monotheistic religions, whose claim was adopted by the Enlightenment. Since China and India have no monotheistic religions and are also capitalistic, there is also no proselytization, i.e. no systemic contradiction, in addition to which these states would act more inclusively than the exclusively proselytizing monotheistic West.

3) It’s not about authoritarianism versus the free world, but about established powers versus upstart and emerging countries and powers There is a lot right and a lot wrong with that arguments at the same time.

First, it ignores that today’s conflict is a hybrid between the situation before World War I, World War II, and the Cold War. Even before the First World War, all the great powers were capitalist states and there was no systemic contradiction, but a world war happened  despite being capitaist or because of capitalist great power competition. Despite all the capitalist elements, China has a political counter-model to the West – although the old systemic antagonims is no longer true: planned-economy communism without private property versus private-sector capitalism, there are now two opposing systems of capitalism: neo-totalitarian one-party capitalism versus democratic multi parties private capitalism. And that doesn’t make it any more harmless, albeit more complicated and complex. Furthermore, there is still the possibility of a world war, even if Precht talks down the situation, but in the other case he has to concede that the transition phase to a New World Order is very fragile and dangerous and therefore sabberrattling and  dangerous rhetoric of deterrence and strength  that has no substance would only escalate and promotes conflict and war- therefore eveybody should abstain from it.

Precht’s claim that China has no ideology is questionable when the Xi Jinping thoughts, including the Chinese dream and national rejuvenation / Make China great again and claim to become the new world power, have been included in the constitution and are a new ideology. Admittedly not a planned-economy communist ideology without private property and a claim to a proletarian world revolution, but a new ideology of an authoritarian one-party capitalism that places social rights and economic development above all other human rights and political rights, makes them absolute and wants to enforce them worldwide under China´s leadership. In addition, China itself has the claim to become a new world power. It’s no longer about the classic working class struggle, but the Global South is seen as a new proletariat for a rebellion of the “Damned of this earth” led by China, which is supposed to lead the fight against the West and the USA, yes, this is also somewhat reminiscent  of Mao’s 3-world theory in the 1960s, especially since Macron would now also be seen as a potential ally of the 2nd world, like the EC was with Mao back then.

 It is also a mistake to portray the Global South as a homogeneous bloc, especially since Precht himself doubts the bipolarity of the Cold War, which in his view was actually a unipolar Pax Americana. But in the Cold War there was also the shism Beijing/Moscow and the Non-Aligned Movement. Today’s Global South includes states such as China, which are themselves on the verge of becoming a world power but still present themselves as developing countries, emerging economies such as India or Brazil, which also already belong to the BRICS, but still do not want to choose between the USA and China and carry out a policy of „strategic balancing“ (General Asthana), states that are on the side of China and Russia, but also those that are on the side of the West and do not trust China’s promises of salvation as an allegedly anti-colonialist and anti-hegemonist force, especially since have also had bad experiences with the Middle Kingdom themselves in the meantime.

Of course, the Chinese are not stupid enough to openly and blatantly declare that they  want to introduce their social system to subjugated western states in the end, or at least demand obedience, but you shouldn’t rely on that, although that is not yet due to the current balance of power on the agenda and the threat to Western democracies comes from within rather from right-wing extremist forces and demagogues. Therefore, the ideology of Xi Jinping’s thoughts and China’s claim to world power and leadership role in relation to the Global South against the USA and the West, which can certainly also be seen as proselytizing, contradict Precht’s all too careless classification of China as a system-compliant world power that cannot be a systemic opponent , since China and India do not have monotheistic religions as the cultural identity of their world power nationalism.

 And even if you don’t want to see that as ideology and proselytizing, the nationalism and China’s expansive claim to world power remain the same as before the First World War between the German Reich and the British Empire. Likewise, one should ask whether nationalism isn’t also an ideology, America first, China first, Russia first, a copy of the former “Germany, Germany above all” ? Then the world this time would not be enlightened and proselytized by the German spirit, but  by the Xi Jinping idea. In addition, the question is whether everything that is not traditional communism without private property cannot therefore be an ideology.

This reverse conclusion is more of a tautology and one should not forget that fascism and Nazism was also capitalist, allowing joint stock companies and all today’s forms of capital,  that Krupps, Siemens, IG Farben, etc. flourished as part of their social Darwinian life struggle program of survival of the fittest , so also the large companies were promoted together then just as a military economy leader (Wehrwirtscvhaftsführer) during the war economy, which is why fascism and National Socialism was also an ideology.

Because Russia is capitalist, isn’t Putin’s state oligarch capitalism ideological or even fascist, while China’s party communism with private property under the Xi Jinping ideas is not ideological? And when one hears RSS chief Mohan Bhagwat, who is close to the BJP, talk about Hindu Sanatan Dharma and India as a world guru and a new superpower, one wonders whether Hindu nationalism will remain so non-ideological and non-missionary as it gains strength.

It’s about the fight for a New World Order and it doesn’t end with a ceasefire in or a Korean solution for Ukraine, but only then really will start. Xi has given Putin the green light to invade Ukraine at the Olympics, believing the West is undecided, divided, in decline, rotten and that the Ukraine war, as Western military experts have all predicted, would be an easy 3-weeks affair. Like Stalin gave Mao and Kim the green light back in the Korean War (see Khrushchev memoirs), then to tie the US in Asia and distract from Europe ,Xi gave Putin green light for the Ukraine war now to tie the US in Europe, distract The Anglosaxons from the Asian Pivot and counter and weaken them in their efforts against  China and to use Putin  as a battering ram and the first step in the military enforcement of the new world order. As Lavrov noted at the MSC: A new international security architecture must first be in place, only then can regional conflicts such as Ukraine or Syria be resolved, but not the other way around. And the Global Times ran the headline: “Vietnam Yesterday, Afghanistan today, Taiwan tomorrow?”. A lot was expected of Putin’s Ukraine war by Xi, but  things didn’t work out as hoped for and the West has so far remained more united than expected, which is why China is playing now the  cooing peace dove, especially China with its Global Security Initiative and Global Development Initiative including BRI and Global Civilization Initiative under the Xi Jinping Thoughts. Only a tactical adjustment, of course, until the West is no longer so united. Then China will go on the offensive again and so will Putin, if he should recover within the framework of a ceasefire or peace break in Ukraine, and then ultimately we can only hope that nuclear deterrence prevents worse things from happening on both sides.

Indien–Elefant auf einem Bein? (2011)

Sommer in Orange und das deutsche Indien- und Chinabild (2013)

Interview with General Asthana (retired): India and the Second Nuclear Age- „India has also developed nuclear triad and raised the Cyber Warfare Agency and is slowly moving towards taking on these challenges“

75 years Independence of India- Interview with General (ret.) Asthana: „India of today wants to grow and become a developed society by 2047. Unlike China it does not have an expansionist design“/“Unfortunately EU is over-obsessed with Russia- Ukraine War and apparently nothing else matters for it, but the reality is that the world exists beyond Europe too.“

Interview with Indian General Asthana (ret.): “The Cold War 1.0 should have ended with the disintegration of the USSR, but some politicians in the USA kept it alive by eastward expansion”

Interview with Indian General Asthana (ret.) about AUKUS, West Asian Quad and B 3W: “ In absence of dysfunctional old international organisations, new ones to seek collective security and growth is a trend, which is likely to continue“

Lessons from 9 11-Interview with Indian General (ret.) Asthana:“Military power by itself can’t eliminate Wahabi ideology“ „The theory of good and bad terrorist is flawed“

Interview with Indian General Asthana: „President Joe Biden administration has given enough indicators that there is unlikely to be any change in US policy towards China“ (2021)

Interview with General Asthana (ret.): Ladakh and Doklam-„Both are manifestations of Chinese expansionism and ‘Incremental Encroachment Strategy“ (2021)

Interview with General (ret.) Asthana: „The battleground for ‘Undeclared Third World War’ is likely to be Indo-Pacific“ (2020)

Interview with Indian General Asthana (ret.): „A campaign of those who are not comfortable with rising India“(2020)

Interview with General Asthana: „In the existing circumstances Indian Military can fulfill its roles successfully“ (2019)

Interview with General Asthana (retired): India and the Second Nuclear Age- „India has also developed nuclear triad and raised the Cyber Warfare Agency and is slowly moving towards taking on these challenges“

Interview with Major General Asthana: Pakistan and the „Policy of bleeding India with a thousand cuts“: „I see a large caliphate in making“

Interview with General Asthana about the Indian military, its history, development and selfunderstanding (2018)

Interview with General Asthana:The US- Iranian clash will remain limited to economic, diplomatic and at best information warfare (2018)

Interview with Major General Asthana: „India itself is technologically growing and does not feel threatened by Chinese technical developments“

Interview with Major General Asthana about the Indo-Pacific and AfPak: “ China exhibits a hegemonic design“/“Peace in Afghanistan is not possible without Pakistan being on board“

Interview with Indian Major General Asthana about India, China, Pakistan and counterjihad: „India has always been following an independent foreign policy“/“Most of the terrorist groups operating in Afghanistan, India and rest of South Asia have safe sanctuaries and training camps in Pakistani territory duly supported by Pakistan Army and ISI“

Ukraine war: General Asthana´s Indian point of view

Interview with Dr. Vijay Kumar Roy about Indian culture: „“The world is one family”(2017)

Interview with Dr. Roy about Indian culture: „Indian society is very much influenced by Buddhism (2018)

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