USA- China im Indopazifik : Kampf um die erste, zweite und nun auch dritte Inselgruppe

USA- China im Indopazifik : Kampf um die erste, zweite und nun auch dritte Inselgruppe

Nach AUKUS, dem „historischen Gipfel“ von Biden  ,Kishida und Yong soll nun ein Gipfel Biden ,Kishida, Marcos kommen .Blinken weilt gerade zu Vorgesprächen bei Marcos jr. Die Global Times vermutet, dass ein neuer trilateraler Mechanismus wie der AUKUS und der USA dann mit Japan und Südkorea nun auch zwischen USA, Japan und den Phillipinen für Südchinesische Meer geschaffen werden soll .Ob dann noch Indonesien folgt ,wo doch gerade ein sehr proamerikanischer Ex-Suharto- General zum Präsidenten gewählt wurde? Oder bleiben die lieber blockfrei und auch als größter muslimischer Staat wegen des Gazakriegs lieber vorerst  auf Distanz zu den USA?

Blinken visits Manila; may eye an AUKUS-like mechanism: expert

By  Zhao Yusha Published: Mar 19, 2024 10:11 PMProtesters shout slogans against the visit of U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken during a rally near the Malacanang presidential palace in Manila, Philippines on Tuesday, March 19, 2024. Photo: VCG

Protesters shout slogans against the visit of U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken during a rally near the Malacanang presidential palace in Manila, Philippines on Tuesday, March 19, 2024. Photo: VCG
A trilateral cooperation mechanism of the US, Japan and the Philippines is about to take shape with US Secretary of State Antony Blinken’s visit to Manila on Tuesday, paving the way for a summit of the leaders of the three countries scheduled for next month. 

Chinese experts believe it is a move by Washington to create an AUKUS-like clique in Asia aimed at China in the South China Sea. However, such actions not only risk stirring up military confrontation in the region, they also weaken ASEAN’s role in region and put regional countries‘ security in jeopardy. 

In Manila, Blinken criticized China’s „provocative actions“ in the South China Sea on Tuesday, as he reaffirmed the US‘ security commitment to the Philippines at the start of his two-day visit. 

Blinken said that the US and other nations have rallied to support the Philippines after „Chinese vessels have blocked, closely shadowed and used water cannons on Philippine vessels in the disputed waterway,“ per Bloomberg.

In response, Lin Jian, spokesperson from China’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs admonished that „the US is not a party to the South China Sea issue and has no right to interfere in the maritime issues between China and the Philippines“ at a press briefing on Tuesday. 

Lin said that military cooperation between the US and the Philippines should not undermine China’s sovereignty and maritime rights and interests in the South China Sea, nor should it be used to support the illegal claims of the Philippines. „China will continue to take necessary steps to firmly safeguard its territorial sovereignty and maritime rights and interests and uphold peace and stability in the South China Sea.“

Blinken’s visit is seen by Chinese observers as partly to incite the Philippines to continue its provocations in the South China Sea and partly to pave the way for a summit of the US, Japan and the Philippines that is scheduled for April.   

US President Joe Biden will host his Philippine counterpart Ferdinand Marcos Jr. and Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida on April 11 for the first three-way summit with the Asia-Pacific allies, the White House said on Monday.

Experts said that it is worth watching whether the first trilateral summit between the US, Japan and the Philippines will lead to the announcement of the establishment of a security mechanism similar to „AUKUS“ or „QUAD.“

The summit is expected to result in a trilateral cooperation mechanism, and will push the three countries to speed up cooperation in security, industrial chains and other areas, Li Haidong, a professor at the China Foreign Affairs University, told the Global Times on Tuesday. Li pointed out that US’s marshalling of Japan and the Philippines is intend to create an Asian military clique, centered on Washington.

The mechanism will lead to countries in Asia-Pacific region becoming reliant on the US for security, and will ultimately form a security architecture where they are at the mercy of the US, Li said.

On defense cooperation, the three countries may jointly form a coast guard collaboration and visiting forces agreement, Peng Nian, Director of Hong Kong Research Center for Asian Studies, told the Global Times. 

Peng noted that the US and the Philippines already have mature defense cooperation, now that they want to include Japan to upgrade their bilateral cooperation mode to a multilateral one. This trilateral cooperation is likely to extend conflicts in South China Sea to other regions such as the East China Sea, which is near Japan. 

The Philippines hopes to sign in the first quarter of the year an agreement with Japan allowing the deployment of military forces on each other’s soil, Manila’s defense minister said in January. 

Chinese experts warned that the establishment of a trilateral cooperation could escalate tensions in the South China Sea, and China must keep strength of its policy, dispelling any illusions that China would yield to external pressure. 

Earlier this month, the China Coast Guard took restriction measures, including the use of water cannon, against Philippine vessels that had trespassed into waters off China’s Ren’ai Jiao (also known as Ren’ai Reef) in the South China Sea, during which a Filipino vessel intentionally rammed into a Chinese ship, causing a minor scrape.

Peng noted that if faced with additional provocation, China’s response is likely to escalate in both intensity and frequency of its countermeasures. 

Chen Xiangmiao, director of the World Navy Research Center at the National Institute for South China Sea Studies pointed out that the trilateral mechanism of the US, Japan and the Philippines will fragment the geopolitical landscape in Southeast Asia as small cliques will further weaken the dominance of ASEAN in the region. 

He said on the South China Sea issue, the US is highly likely to encourage the Philippines and Japan to continue creating friction with China, and to push more countries in the region to take sides between China and the US. 

Earlier this month, Malaysian Prime Minister Anwar Ibrahim complained over alleged pressure by the US and its allies on regional nations to take sides in the West’s strategic rivalries with Beijing.

„So while we remain… an important friend to the US and Europe and here in Australia, they should not preclude us from being friendly to one of our important neighbors, precisely China,“ he was quoted by media as saying. „If they have problems with China, they should not impose it upon us. We do not have a problem with China,“ Anwar told reporters.

Blinken visits Manila; may eye an AUKUS-like mechanism: expert – Global Times

Nachdem China schon trotz allen US- Bemühungen der Konsolidierung und Integration der ersten Inselgruppe von Taiwan bis Südchinesischem Meer durch trilaterale Mechanismen nebst Quad, die Trump möglicherweise auch wieder schnell aufkündigen könnte, nun hinter dessen 2. Inselgruppe durch Umzierzung der südpazifischen Inseln geht, ja nun auch einen Sicherheitsvertrag mit den Salomonen unterzeichnet hat, der sowohl die USA wie auch Australien in Alarm versetzt, da man China verdächtigt da eine MIlitärbasis zu errichten und sich in der 2. Inselkette reinzusetzen, es nun auch Wang Yi nach Australien geschickt hat, um dererlei Ängste abzubauen, wie auch wieder Handelsgespräche aufzunehmen ,nachdem Australien zuerst  Sanktionen gegen China verhängte und umgekehrt China gegen Australien, vor allem nachdem diees eine Untersuchung des Ursprungs des Coronavirus beabsichtigte, Oder geht es da damit schon gar um die dritte Inselkette? Wang Yi bei den Kiwis beim Kampf um Mittelerde Gibt es eigentlich noch den ANZUS-Pakt? Die Kiwis sind ja da so atomwaffenscheu, zumal auch wegen der Aktion des französischen Geheideinst gegen das Greenpeace- Schiff „Rainbow Warrior“ im Rahmen von Nukleartests und wollte immer schon nuklearfreie neutrale Ökozone sein, dass sie schon mal aus dem ANZUS- Militär- Pakt mit den USA und Australien austraten, sich auch nicht am AUKUS beteiligen wollen und nachdem die KP China erklärte, dass Australien aufgrund von AUKUS noch auch Zielgebiet chinesischer Atomwaffen sei, wäre interessant zu wissen, wie das die Kiwi Neuseeländer sehen, die sich da wohl so schnell beim A- oder N- Wort wie die Deutschen angesichts Putins inflätionärer Atomkriegsdrohungen sehr schnell wieder aus prowestlicher Solidarität verabschieden. Und lieber neutrale Schweiz oder als pazifischer Islandstaat mit Vulkan-Filmkullissen eines „Herrn der Ringe“ oder verhindertem Karibikstaat ala Bacardiwerbung oder friedliche Schafszüchterinsel wie die Falklands sein wollen. Aber ohne Kampf um Mittelerde sinoamerikanischer Orks gegen Mordor in einer Endschlacht und Armaggedon.

China always regards New Zealand as a sincere friend, important partner amid complex international situation: ambassador

By Lu Hanqi in WellingtonPublished: Mar 19, 2024 12:30 AM Updated: Mar 19, 2024 08:36 PMPhoto: Vicky Hanqi Lu/GT

Photo: Vicky Hanqi Lu/GT
Although the international situation is undergoing complex and profound changes with increasing challenges, China has always regarded New Zealand as a sincere friend and important partner, and is full of expectations and confidence in the future development of the bilateral relationship, Chinese Ambassador to New Zealand Wang Xiaolong told the Global Times in an interview on the occasion of Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi’s visit to the country.

China is willing to work with New Zealand to continue strengthening high-level exchanges and deepening political mutual trust, further elevate the comprehensive strategic partnership between the two countries, better benefiting both nations and their peoples, and making new contributions to international and regional peace, stability, and prosperity, he said.

This year marks the 10th anniversary of Chinese President Xi Jinping’s state visit to New Zealand and the establishment of the comprehensive strategic partnership between China and New Zealand. Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi’s visit to New Zealand after seven years is of great significance as it will kick off high-level exchanges between the two countries this year. Both sides attach great importance to this visit, Wang Xiaolong told the Global Times.

Together with New Zealand, China hopes that the two countries can implement the consensus reached by the two state leaders, strengthen strategic communication, enhance political mutual trust, expand practical cooperation, and jointly promote the steady and far-reaching development of the comprehensive strategic partnership between China and New Zealand, making positive contributions to world peace, stability, development and prosperity, Wang Xiaolong noted.

Speaking of the bilateral relations over the past 10 years, Wang Xiaolong said that China and New Zealand have been deepening and expanding mutually beneficial cooperation on the basis of mutual respect, mutual benefit, and seeking common ground while shelving differences, bringing tangible benefits to both countries, especially their peoples.

„Despite being separated by oceans and having different social systems, development stages, natural endowments, and economic sizes, the two sides have always enhanced mutual understanding through constructive dialogue, and differences and disagreements have not affected our friendly exchanges and cooperation,“ he said.

Over the past decade, high-level exchanges between China and New Zealand have maintained positive momentum, with political mutual trust deepening continuously. Leaders of the two countries have exchanged views on the development of bilateral relations through high-level visits, meetings in multilateral settings, and have reached important consensus. The foreign ministers have held multiple meetings online and offline, and officials from various departments have also engaged in dialogues and exchanges on different occasions, effectively enhancing mutual understanding and trust between the two countries.

Since 2013, China has been New Zealand’s largest trading partner for 10 consecutive years, Wang Xiaolong said, noting that the two countries have seen steady progress in goods trade, as well as flourishing cooperation in services trade, industrial investment, technology collaboration, digital economy, and green economy.

The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement and the upgraded version of the China-New Zealand Free Trade Agreement have injected new momentum into economic and trade cooperation. Bilateral trade in goods and services has increased from NZ$ 19.8 billion ($12.06 billion) in 2013 to NZ$ 38 billion in 2023. Especially since the beginning of this year, all New Zealand dairy exports to China have been completely tariff-free, with the full implementation of the China-New Zealand Free Trade Agreement, further advancing mutually beneficial cooperation between the two countries, Wang Xiaolong said.

Although the COVID-19 pandemic has indeed had an impact on cultural exchanges between the two countries, since last year, the two countries have restarted scientist exchange programs, he said. The Xuelong 2 research icebreaker has made multiple stops in New Zealand for supplies and exchanges. The Chinese women’s field hockey team, men’s soccer team, and film production teams have visited New Zealand. Chinese tourists and students have also accelerated their return to New Zealand, revitalizing cultural exchanges between the two countries.

The Chinese ambassador pointed out that with the joint efforts of both sides, the connotation of the new comprehensive strategic partnership has been enriched and expanded in the past 10 years. China-New Zealand relations have become a model of mutual respect and win-win cooperation between countries with different systems, civilizations, and sizes.

Although the international situation is undergoing complex and profound changes with increasing challenges, the importance of China-New Zealand relations has not changed, Wang Xiaolong stressed.

„The complementarity of the two countries‘ economies has not changed, and China’s positive attitude and policies towards the development of China-New Zealand relations have not changed,“ he told the Global Times. „China has always regarded New Zealand as a sincere friend and important partner, and is full of expectations and confidence in the future development prospects of the two countries‘ relations.“

He said that China looks forward to working together with New Zealand to implement the important consensus reached by the leaders of the two countries, adhere to mutual respect, equality, seeking common ground while reserving differences, and mutual benefit, continue to strengthen high-level exchanges and political mutual trust, deepen practical cooperation in various fields such as economy and trade, tighten the bond of cultural exchanges, deepen communication and cooperation on international and regional issues, constructively manage and transcend differences, and promote the comprehensive strategic partnership between the two countries to a new level, better benefiting both countries and their peoples, and making new contributions to international and regional peace, stability, and development.

Wang Yi, who is also a member of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China Central Committee, is currently on a tour from Sunday to Thursday visiting New Zealand and Australia. On Monday, Wang Yi met with New Zealand Prime Minister Christopher Luxon with both sides pledging further efforts to strengthen cooperation and relations. Wang Yi also held talks with New Zealand Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs Winston Peters and met with Trade Minister Todd McClay on Monday, according to the Xinhua News Agency.

China always regards New Zealand as a sincere friend, important partner amid complex international situation: ambassador – Global Times

Ganz so unbeantwortet geht das natürlich nicht, nicht nur seitens der USA, sondern nun auch seitens Japans, wie die Global Times bemäkelt:

Japan-PIC defense meeting ‚exposes Tokyo’s ambition to expand military presence‘

By Fan Anqi and Zhang Wanshi Published: Mar 20, 2024 10:03 PMJapanese Self-Defense Force ground-based Patriot Advanced Capability-3 (PAC-3) interceptors are seen in position on the grounds in Ishigaki, Okinawa prefecture on February 7, 2016.Photo: AFP

Japanese Self-Defense Force ground-based Patriot Advanced Capability-3 (PAC-3) interceptors are seen in position on the grounds in Ishigaki, Okinawa prefecture on February 7, 2016.Photo: AFP
As Japan hosts a defense ministerial meeting with Pacific Island countries (PICs), Chinese experts warn that Tokyo’s true intention is to support the US‘ Indo-Pacific strategy in containing China, while also seeking to advance its own military expansion. 

However, PICs will not be easily swayed by short-term benefits offered by the West, experts said. They are well aware of the tangible benefits in cooperating with China, in contrast to the West’s high-profile „aid,“ which is actually a means of instilling their ideological influence.

Japan on Tuesday began a ministerial-level defense meeting with Pacific Island nations in Tokyo, aiming to „counter China’s expanding military clout and maritime assertiveness in the region,“ Japanese media The Mainichi reported on Tuesday. 

It is the second such meeting following the first in September 2021. Fiji and Papua New Guinea have sent their defense ministers to the talks, and officials from the US and Australia also participated in the two-day talks through Wednesday.

The meeting stems from several pressing factors the Japanese government is facing. For one thing, the Kishida government is mired in a domestic trust crisis in recent months, particularly from elements within his party. Therefore, he is eager to change the status quo by making diplomatic achievements to salvage his image, Chen Hong, director of the Australian Studies Center at East China Normal University, told the Global Times on Wednesday.

Japan is facing mounting pressures from the US to coordinate with its Indo-Pacific strategy, in which the South Pacific is regarded a crucial strategic area to counter China, the expert said.

According to a report by the South China Morning Post last week, the talks could also involve Japan’s Self-Defense Forces (SDF) and police taking part in local and regional responses as well as training, signifying „a dramatic departure from previous post-war policies.“

It reveals Japan’s true intention of breaking through the restrictions from the Japanese Constitution on the SDF, and expanding its military presence, observers noted. 

„The move will be in direct violation of the Japanese Constitution, which limits the activities of the SDF to participation in mostly UN peacekeeping missions, and with primary focus on support services such as logistical and medical tasks,“ Chen said.

Da Zhigang, director of the Institute of Northeast Asian Studies at Heilongjiang Provincial Academy of Social Sciences, told the Global Times that while initially focused on coastal defense, the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force has now become one of the world’s most powerful navies, straying far from its original purpose.

He noted that from the participation of the SDF, it is clear Japan’s assistance to Pacific island countries comes with selfish motives.

Despite Japan’s vigorous incitement of the „China threat theory,“ PICs are not buying it. „They do not agree with nor care about the so-called China threat theory, but instead, China helps them address their biggest problem – poverty,“ Chen noted. 

China’s investments in local projects, including road, bridge and airport construction, have significantly improved local infrastructure and boosted employment. Additionally, given the lower education levels among island nations‘ populations, China has provided computers, internet access and other resources to enhance local education standards. 

In contrast, Western investments and aid in these regions often come with political conditions that require compliance with their agendas. Furthermore, the touted assistance from Western nations is primarily aimed at promoting institutional development, essentially replicating Western political systems. However, this approach only leads to disconnects with the local realities, Chen explained.

A few days before the defense meeting with Japan, Fiji maintained a police cooperation deal with China despite mounting pressure from former colonial powers such as the US and Australia. The move reflects that such cooperation, fundamentally different from that with Western countries, stems from the strong demand of the PICs. 

Japan-PIC defense meeting ‚exposes Tokyo’s ambition to expand military presence‘ – Global Times

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