Neue Seidenstrasse: Xi Jinpings Reise nach Arabien und Afrika

von Ralf Ostner

Nach seiner Lateinamerikareise zieht es Xi Jinping nun zu 5 arabischen und afrikanischen Staaten, um seine Neue Seidenstrasse voranzubringen, Chinas Rolle in der Region auszubauen und neben dem Senegal, Mauritius, Ruanda auch Südafrika zu besuchen zum 20.Jahrestag der Aufnahme diplomatischer Beziehungen, sowie des BRICS Business Forums, das auch den  BRICS-Gipfel in Südafrikas Johannesburg mit Schwerpunktthema Afrika vorbereiten soll. Zugleich hat China beim China-Arabische Staaten-Forum in Peking den arabischen Staaten einen 20 Milliarden Dollar-Kredit zugesagt, der vor allem in den wirtschaftlichen Aufbau der Länder fliessen soll, womit wohl kriegszerstörte Staaten wie Syrien, Irak und Yemen gemeint sein könnten und die zudem der industriellen Revitalisierung und dem chinesischen Militärstützpunkt in Dschibouti zugute kommen sollen. 1 Milliarde Yuan wiederum sollen für Polizei und Überwachung in diesen Staaten fliessen:

„China will provide Arab states with $20 billion in loans for economic development, President Xi Jinping told top Arab officials Tuesday, as Beijing seeks to build its influence in the Middle East and Africa.

The money will be earmarked for “projects that will produce good employment opportunities and positive social impact in Arab States that have reconstruction needs,” said Xi, without providing further details.

It is part of a special Chinese programme for “economic reconstruction” and “industrial revitalisation,” Xi told participants at a China-Arab States forum in Beijing’s Great Hall of the People.

Beijing is also prepared to provide another one billion yuan to countries in the region to “build capacity for stability maintenance,” Xi said, using a term commonly associated with policing and surveillance.

Since taking office, Xi has overseen a concerted effort to expand Chinese influence in the Middle East and Africa, including the construction of the country’s first military base in Arab League state Djibouti.

China has already provided vast sums to Arab countries, with Djibouti alone owing some $1.3 billion, according to estimates from the US-based China Africa Research Initiative.“

At the heart of Xi’s vision is the “Belt and Road” initiative, a $1-trillion infrastructure programme billed as a modern revival of the ancient Silk Road that once carried fabrics, spices and a wealth of other goods between Asia, Africa, the Middle East and Europe.

The Arab states’ position at the centre of the ancient trade route makes them “natural partners” in China’s new undertaking, he said, adding he expected the summit would end with an agreement on cooperation on the initiative.

“Chinese and Arab peoples, though far apart in distance, are as close as family,” he said, describing a romanticised history of trade along the Silk Road.

The project, which has already financed ports, roads and railways across the globe, has spurred both interest and anxiety in many countries, with some seeing it as an example of Chinese expansionism.

“China welcomes opportunities to participate in the development of ports and the construction of railway networks in Arab states” as part of a “logistics network connecting Central Asia with East Africa and the Indian Ocean with the Mediterranean,” said Xi.“

https://www.juancole.com/2018/07/emerging-superpower-development.html

Xis Besuch soll die sinoarabischen Beziehungen in eine „neue Ära“führen und bisherige Initiativen nun systematisieren und vorantreiben, vor allem die Neue Seidenstrasse, in die er schon 2014 die arabischen Staaten miteinbezog.In den letzten 4 Jahren sei im Rahmen des „1-2-3-Kooperationsschemas“ (1-Energie 2 Infrasturktur und Handel und Investitionen-3- Atomkraft, Weltraumsatelliten und neue Energien) die Zusammenarbeit in den 4 Feldern der Förderung von Stabilität, neuer Kooperationen, Durchführung bei der Zusammenarbeit von Produktionskapazitäten und der Vertiefung der Freundschaft vertieft worden. Desweieteren sei ein sinoarabisches Bankenkonsortium geplant, ein sinoarabisches Pressezentrum, eine sinoarabische E-Bibliothek, wie man auch die rabsichen Staaten zur ExPo nach Shanghai einladen wolle–so O-Ton Volkszeitung:

„Commentary: Sino-Arab relations to enjoy bright future in new era

(People’s Daily)    13:38, July 13, 2018

China’s new policy to the Arab world announced by Chinese President Xi Jinping has pointed a clear direction and become a fundamental principle for Sino-Arab relations in the new era.

China and Arab countries had agreed to establish a „future-oriented strategic partnership of comprehensive cooperation and common development“, Xi said in a speech delivered at the opening ceremony of the eighth ministerial meeting of the on July 10 at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing.

It was the third time that Xi has articulated China’s policy to the Arab world after his speeches at the sixth ministerial meeting of the CASCF in 2014 and Arab League headquarters in 2016.

China and Arab countries have always been good partners and brothers that support and benefit from each other, from conducting busy commercial exchanges along the ancient Silk Road to building the Belt and Road together.

Xi proposed to joint construct of the Belt and Road Initiative with Arab countries in 2014. Since then, the Initiative has driven forward Sino-Arab relations in all fields and pushed Sino-Arab comprehensive cooperation onto a new stage.

Over the last four years, China and Arab countries have further cemented the „1+2+3″ cooperation pattern featuring energy cooperation as the core, infrastructure construction and trade and investment facilitation as the two wings, and taking the new frontier technologies in the fields of nuclear energy, space satellite and new energy as the three breakthroughs.

They have also made sustained efforts to advance collaboration in four major fields of promoting stability, identifying new forms of cooperation, conducting production capacity cooperation, and deepening friendship.

Under these efforts, a comprehensive framework of co-building the Belt and Road in the Middle East is rapidly being formed.(…)

China will take a slew of measures to boost Sino-Arab relations, Xi disclosed. The country will launch a special programme to help economic reconstruction via industrial revitalization and continue to provide humanitarian aid to Arab countries.

Xi announced that China will set up a China-Arab states bank consortium. China looks forward to the participation of Arab countries in the first China International Import Expo to be held in Shanghai this November, Xi said. In the next five years, China will invite all Arab countries to exhibitions and trade and investment fairs held in China.

The Chinese president also announced the official launch of the China-Arab Press Center, the China-Arab E-library Portal and the fourth Arabic Arts Festival. (…)

By carrying forward the Silk Road spirit and making concrete steps, China and Arab countries will inject impetus into respective national rejuvenation and make contributions to global peace and development.“

http://en.people.cn/n3/2018/0713/c90000-9480772.html



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