Die Opioid-,Fentanyl- und Drogenkrise in den USA neben der Flüchtlingswelle über Mexiko scheint nun Rufe nach einer militärischen Intervention in Mexiko lauter werden zu lassen. Reagan und Bush führten ja schon einen War on Drugs in den 80ern und 90ern ,wobei Mexiko und Kolumbien, Escobar und El Chapo da oben auf der Liste standen, wie auch die US-Aktion in Panama gegen Noriega auch vor diesem Hintergrund( nebst Panamakanal und politischem Kurs) zu sehen ist. Inzwischen werden aber nicht nur DEA, FBI und Special Forces gefordert, sondern schon grenzüberschreitende boots on the ground bis hin zu Raketenschlägen gegen die mexikanischen Drogenkartelle.
„Americans broadly support military strikes in Mexico, Reuters/Ipsos poll finds
Florida Governor Ron DeSantis has said he would send troops to Mexico on „day one“ of his administration.
By REUTERS Published: SEPTEMBER 15, 2023 02:23
Updated: SEPTEMBER 15, 2023 04:56
About half of Americans support sending US military personnel into Mexico to fight drug cartels, according to a Reuters/Ipsos opinion poll, though there is less backing for sending troops without Mexico’s approval.
The findings show broad public support for calls by most major candidates in the 2024 Republican presidential nomination contest to send special forces into Mexico, the US’s biggest trading partner, or conduct missile or drone strikes there. Some of the candidates have said they would be prepared to send military forces without first receiving permission from the Mexican government.
„As we are in election season, they talk about intervening in Mexican affairs, about not respecting our sovereignty; They insult us, but one shouldn’t take them too seriously,“
Mexican President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador
With the United States experiencing a dramatic rise in overdose deaths related to the synthetic opioid fentanyl, tamping down the flow of narcotics from Mexico has become a major theme among Republicans. Almost 80,000 Americans died from opioid-related overdoses in 2022, according to the US Centers for Disease Control, with fentanyl being the primary culprit.
According to the seven-day Reuters/Ipsos poll, which closed on Thursday, 52% of respondents said they supported „sending US military personnel to Mexico to fight against drug cartels,“ while 26% were opposed and the remainder were unsure. Republicans were supportive by a 64% to 28% margin; Democrats were narrowly opposed, 47% to 44%.
When asked if the United States should do so without the permission of the Mexican government, however, the numbers changed dramatically. Some 59% of poll respondents opposed unilateral action, while 29% were supportive. Fifty-one percent of Republicans opposed unilateral action, compared to 40% who supported it.
Terry Sullivan, who managed Republican Senator Marco Rubio’s unsuccessful presidential campaign in 2016, said Americans were likely open to sending the military to Mexico because the fentanyl overdose epidemic is affecting many communities across the country. Topics such as the Ukraine war do not have the same impact on Americans‘ daily lives, he said.
In a policy video released earlier this year, former President Donald Trump said he would direct the Department of Defense „to make appropriate use of special forces, cyber warfare, and other overt and covert actions to inflict maximum damage on cartel leadership, infrastructure, and operations.“
Florida Governor Ron DeSantis has said he would send troops to Mexico on „day one“ of his administration, and he has not ruled out cross-border missile strikes.
Tech entrepreneur Vivek Ramaswamy, former UN Ambassador Nikki Haley, and South Carolina Tim Scott have also signaled a similar openness to a military confrontation with Mexican drug cartels.
Haley told Reuters in an interview last week she would send special operations forces over the border with or without Mexico’s permission, a policy that does not appear to have broad support among Republicans.
Only former Vice President Mike Pence, former Arkansas Governor Asa Hutchinson, and former New Jersey Governor Chris Christie have stopped short of saying they support sending US military personnel into Mexico.
Mexican government responds
Mexican President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, for his part, has repeatedly made clear that Mexico would not tolerate US military action within its borders and has derided the calls as „irresponsible“ and „pure publicity.“
He has urged Mexican-Americans in the US to vote against Republicans pushing such ideas and said that Mexico would react to any incursion, without giving details. Mostly he has dismissed the threats as electioneering.
„As we are in election season, they talk about intervening in Mexican affairs, about not respecting our sovereignty; They insult us, but one shouldn’t take them too seriously,“ he said last month in one of his regular press conferences.
The Reuters/Ipsos poll was conducted online and nationwide between Sept. 8 and Sept. 14, gathering responses from 4,413 US adults. It had a credibility interval, a measure of precision, of about 2 percentage points.
Unter der alten jahrzehntelang regierenden PRI-Regierung waren diese mexikanischen Drogenkartelle ja im Sinne eines Burgfriedens stillschweigend geduldet, als unausrottbares Übel und zumal dienten sie auch wegen Korruption und Wahlunterstützung auch desöteren als politische Helfer. Erst mit Präsident Fox eskalierte dann die Situation, als dieser den War in Drugs auch auf Druck der USA eröffnete und den Burgfrieden kündigte. Der jetzige linkspopulistische Präsident Obrador wiederum wird von den USA verdächtigt und kritisiert hier nicht genug zu unternehmen. Anders als in Kolumbien aber versuchten die Drogenkartelle nicht selbst in die Politik zu gehen oder wie Escobar selbst Abgeordneter zu werden, wie auch in Mexiko keine linken Guerillas wie die FARC oder ELN oder rechtsradikale Milizen und Todesschwadrone nebst Politikern selbt Drogenhandel betrieben oder mit den Drogenkartellen kooperierten, wobei die FARC einmal den Fehler machte die Tochter eines Drogenbosses zu entführen, um Lösegeld und Konzessionen zu erpressen, worauf dieser Teile der FARC- Führungsriege ermorden ließ. Desweiteren wird neuerdings auch China und die chinesischen Triaden für den Fetanyl- und Drogenhandel Richtung USA verantwortlich gemacht, während Peking dies als ,US-Propaganda von Anti- China forces zurückweist, zumal auch auf die innergesellschaftlichen Zustände in den USA hinweist, die zu Drogenkonsum führen.
So schreibt auch Dr. Evan Ellis, Lateinamerikaexperte des US Army War College mit Schwerpunkt auf Chinas und Russlands Engagement in Lateinaamerika bezüglich Mexiko in seinem Beitrag „Mexico’s Engagement with China and Choices for its Future”:
While most ethnically Chinese Mexicans are law abiding, Chinese triads and other organized crime groups are deeply rooted in Mexico, tied to the traditions of those communities for self-organization, self-help and self-financing.
Studies of Chinese organized crime in Mexico highlight separate groups from the provinces of Guandong and Fujian, which sometimes collaborate in areas such as human trafficking.
Mexico is a common route for human trafficking by the two groups. Local families raise money for the international operating Chinese gangs to bring persons from China through the region to Mexico, generally with the United States as the final intended destination. The gangs arrange transportation and documentation as required and locating them in otherwise legitimate Chinese businesses in Mexico where they work often in conditions of indentured servitude to pay off the debt incurred to move them. Chinese migrants have been intercepted at the US-Mexico border in small but increasing numbers in recent years, including 4,366 between October 2022 and February 2023 alone.
Mexico has also become a hub for the importation of Chinese fentanyl and precursor chemicals, and their transformation into illicit drugs responsible for the overdose deaths of 106,000 US residents last year alone. According to a 2014 report by Mexico’s Attorney General, the country’s most internationally-focused cartels, Sinaloa and Jalisco New Genration (CJNG) have worked for years with Chinese triads such as 14K and Sun Yee On to import precursors, mostly from Wuhan. Most recently, those cartels have set up laboratories and pill presses importing Chinese precursor chemicals, transforming them, and shipping them to the United States. In April 2023, the US Treasury Office of Foreign Asset Control (OFAC) designated two Chinese chemical companies, Wuhan Shuokang Biological Tech Co. and Xiaoli Pharmatech Co for their roles in such activities. In June 2023, the US Justice Department unsealed criminal indictments against Anhui Rencheng Technology Co, Anhui Moker New Material Technology Co., Shutong Wang and Shifang Ruan for conspiring to import fentanyl into the United States.
The political sensitivity of the Mexico-China network was highlighted when, in response to concerns expressed in the US, Mexico’s President AMLO, publicly asked his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping for help on the matter, although the Chinese disingenuously denied knowledge of illegal fentanyl shipments from the PRC to Mexico.
Many of those drugs and precursors are brought in through Mexican ports operated by the Chinese company Hutchison, including Manzanillo and Lazaro Cardenas, as illustrated by a high profile drug intercept in May 2023.
Beyond fentanyl, as noted previously Chinese organized crime groups are increasingly involved in money laundering for Mexican crime groups, greatly complicating efforts by authorities to track and go after cartel financial networks.
The expanding role of Chinese TOC in money laundering reflects the synergy between the previously noted local presence of Chinese organized crime groups in Mexico, their longstanding ties with Mexican drug cartels, and the opportunities afforded by growing PRC-Mexico trade and financial ties. Mexican cartels have used PRC-based banks and other institutions for trade-based money laundering for more than a decade. In 2012, for example, Mexico fined its largest Chinese bank, HSBC, for lax money laundering controls involving transactions connected to the PRC. More recent cases highlight how such laundering activities have expanded and evolved in dangerous ways.
Chinese triads now employ their international networks to launder the cash earnings of Mexican cartels in the United States and elsewhere in ways that significantly decrease the risks and costs for the cartels over traditional means, while increasing the rapidity with which they can obtain their money. In one scheme pioneered by Mexico-based Chinese criminal operative Li Xizhi referred to as “flying money,” Triad members would pick up dollars from the cartels in the United States, and deliver them the equivalent amount of pesos in Mexico, in a matter of hours, charging the cartels commissions as low as 2%. They would sell the dollars to wealthy Chinese wanting to move their RNB out of the PRC, then provide the RNB obtained through such deals to companies in Mexico needing Chinese currency for purchasing goods in China. Each of these steps takes advantage of the opacity of Chinese financial institutions to make the transactions almost impossible to track for Western authorities.
China is also involved in Mexican organized crime as intermediaries and purchasers for a range of illicit activites, including in the mining sector, as well as in fishing. China is the major source of demand and purchaser of the bladder of the endangered totoaba, obtained principally in the Sea of Cortes, and Chinese criminal groups operating in the area play a key role in the illicit trade. Although the Mexican government has attempted to clamp down on illegal totoaba fishing, its efforts have had only limited impact. Chinese criminal groups are similarly involved in illegal wildlife trade in Mexico involving butterflies, seahorses, shark fins, and tiger teeth, among other items. Such activities are often interconnected with drug trafficking and other illicit activities through elaborate money laundering schemes.
Die Frage wird auch sein, wie sich ein möglicher Militäreinsatz der USA in Mexiko auf das globale Engagement der USA auswirken würde. Würde eine Wiederbelebung der Monroedoktrin und militärisches Engagement der USA in Mexiko zu einer Schwächung ihrer Kräfte in Europa und Asien führen oder aber eine vermehrte Konzentration auf Mexiko/LA und China eine Schwächung in Europa? Würde dies überhaupt ins Gewicht fallen? Ist ein mexikanischer quagmire zu erwarten oder wird es nur begrenzt und selektiv werden?
Ist das mehr Wahlkampfgetöse, das sich wieder legen wird? Zumal es auch nicht solche Ausmaße annehmen dürfte wie das Zimmermanntelegramm in WK1,als,Deutschland Mexiko gegen die USA unterstützen wollte, um es von einem Eingreifen in Europa zu hindern. Aber General Pershing kam dann nach seinem Mexikofeldzug doch noch nach Europa.